Analysis of the consequences of the energy rehabilitation of residential buildings on the configuration and image of our towns and cities and proposal for action criteria
Lauren Etxepare, Maialen Sagarna and Iñigo Lizundia Uranga
School of Architecture of San Sebastian (UPV/EHU)
Official College of Basque-Navarre Architects (COAVN)
The necessary and compulsory energy rehabilitation of residential buildings is present in the day-to-day life of our towns and cities. The scaffolding façades multiply and their rehabilitation is generating a new 'boom' in the building sector. As a result, many buildings are being covered with new and varied façades and are having their image altered definitively. In the face of this uncertain but unstoppable and fast-moving scenario, the project is intended to analyse the current state of the energy rehabilitation of our buildings and its consequences, and to establish, before it is too late, guidelines and criteria for action that help the different stakeholders to cope with the processes of energy rehabilitation of residential buildings in an efficient, quite literally, and respectful of the environment and the architectural memory of our towns and cities.
But in this context, many questions arise: What are we doing? How are we doing it? Where are we going? How is it affecting the transformation and image of the historical centres and the suburbs? How does it affect listed buildings? What should be the degree of intervention in each of the different building typologies? What should be the role of each of the agents involved in the process (Property, Administration, Architects, etc.)? Are many of the solutions proposed really valid and effective? Do current regulations help its efficiency? Or even, given the undoubted impact on the users' economy, is the existing financial aid sufficient? Does it have social consequences? In short, many questions and the doubt as to whether it has been reflected upon enough to give answers to them.